Document Type : Original Article


1 Allameh Tabataba'i University Cultural Studies Department

2 Assistant Professor, Social Sciences Department, Literature and Humanities Faculty, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran, (Corresponding Author)

3 Master of Science in Psychology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran


Our main question in the present research was: "The authors of the texts that read the Iranian people how they transmitted their opinion to the audience." So, right now, we ask how the transfer of this concept was carried out, and how often through the study of the texts of this period, we will find out how some writers themselves came to the conclusion that Iranians are duplexers.
In this paper, using the method of "content analysis", the analysis of parts of texts such as travelogues, reports, in fact, texts that have characterized the Safavid to Pahlavi era as duplicates, The author's strategy has been compared with those of Edward Saeedi.
In this paper, by focusing on authors' strategies in assigning a trait, we examine texts that point to the duplicity of Iranians. A number of writers point to the dilemma of the state, denounce it, and characterize the ruling class; other authors of this duplicity in the ruling class generalize to all Iranians. A number of travel writers after watching the flood and dwarves observed by the people under the control of the masters of power, regardless of the conditions of the lord of the ruling society of Iran and the circumstances of this situation, what is called the position of necessity, all the people of Iran Make it fun and enjoyable. Finally, some writers such as Shardin and Goobino attribute it to all Iranians with a more integrated strategy and integration by seeing one or two moral attributes.


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